The 21st Century’s Lighting Revolution: What is it all about?

The Department of Energy actually did was in last 2017, they stated that the number of light bulb classifications the Congress has explicitly stated are not included in the formal definition of the general service lamp. However, these classifications are now included. The lamps that are being included in classifications of specialty light bulbs are differentiated according to their special applications, sizes, and bulb shapes.

To be more specific, DOE separated the incandescent reflector lamps, directional light bulb (this is commonly known as spot or flood lights used to focus lighting to a specific area) small decorative light bulbs that comes with different shapes of a candle flame, small globe round shape lamps, and light bulbs that are tubular shaped which are commonly used in orcherstra or furniture displays.

With this in mind, the Department of Energy included the light bulbs that cannot be screwed or installed on the common general service lamp socket because they tend to have a smaller candelabra lamp base. They also have the intermediate sized bases for lamp bases that can come in a plug-shaped pin that can be also installed on a wall, ceiling or floor receptacles. The Congress never stated that these type of light bulbs are classified as general service lamps.

With these facts together, it is not right to depend the alleged rollback for energy saving to be heavily dependent on the removal of incandescent versions of the mentioned specialty lamps just because of the illegal and misconstrued definition of a general service lamp. This claim is not cognizable.

The Energy Savings Claim is Being Exaggerated.

During the course of rulemaking about the general service lamps happened from 2014-2017, Department of Energy the congressional appropriations rider that has limited ability to allocate appropriated funds to effectively implement energy conservation rulings for these special type of incandescent lamps. This is done so that it could not be researched, collected, or even look at the data gathered about these lamps.

In effect, the Department of Energy was going data blind that concerns about the general service incandescent lamps or other types of these lamps. Even if a citizen submitted information about these incandescent lamps to the department, DOE will not bother to even look at it. NEMA did this and DOE refused to even consider it.

The importance of DOE’s restrictive interpretation, is it shows that the Department of Energy was not primarily concerned in effectively tracking an economic event that is currently taking place. The NEMA and other NGO bodies (from energy efficiency community) are heavily dependent on this interpretation. There is now a rapid adoption of LED lighting technology that leads the way to even more drastic decline in worldwide installations and shipments of incandescent lights happening since 20003.

With this in mind, the general service lamp decline was now being tracked by the Department of Energy. However, the body failed to capture the effects of the recent decline, more so from recent years. The body’s estimates already ended in 2015, and they failed to capture a drastic fall in years 2016, 2017, and 2018.

The Best Guide to Understand IP Ratings

IP Ratings Applicable for Liquid Ingress in Household Items: 

Now, we have discussed the importance of the first digit in the IP ratings, we will now discuss the importance of the second digit. The second digit discusses the enclosures’ capability to protect equipment from water ingress. However, it is important to note that this rating only deals with clean water and not any type of liquid or harmful chemicals in general. This rating has a nine-point scale. Where “0” means no protection from liquid ingress and “8” is completely waterproof. The IP rating of “8” means that the enclosure can be submerged in water. 

Taking our previous example, the television casing has provisions for hole openings found on sides and bottom. And a user can find the limited number of slots on the top of television case that are engineered to create a small overlap. With the IP rating for liquid ingress, television cases can withstand any minor water ingress and water will not enter the television case. 

However, it is important to note that television cases are designed for indoor use. It cannot be used for environments where there is high presence of moist in the air. In case of household places, these are bathrooms, kitchens, or outdoor spaces. When water is sprayed on the enclosures with low protection form water ingress, liquid is possible to get in. For television case, it has an IP rating of “2” for liquid ingress. In summary it has an IP rating of IP22. 

In case of television remote controls, it doesn’t have any slots or vents compared to television cases. It is well sealed and sides are well-fitted. Even though there are hole provisions for the buttons, water will not get in in case of accidental water splashes. However, certainly it cannot be submerged in water. Also, even if the battery compartment is well fitted, it is not gasketed or even sealed. 

With this in mind, in case the remote control is continuously sprayed with water for 1-2 minutes, the water will start entering and seep inside the casing. With our previous example, the remote control will have an IP rating of IP53. It has high protection from solid ingress but it only provides partial protection from water ingress. 

For the smartphones example, users can clean their smartphones under the running water. If in case the user forgets to take out his phone when he goes for a dip in the pool, the water will still not get inside the mobile phone. Even if it is submerged for half an hour, there will be no issue of water ingress as long as it is submerged up to five feet deep.  

How Important is the Use of IP Ratings? 

These IP ratings are powerful because it gives the users the knowledge of protection an enclosure can provide to any electronics. These are essential in giving the users a universal and good description of any enclosures’ capabilities.  

How System Integrator Delivers Value in Today’s Technology

The one great function of system integrators is they are in the industry to help companies solve automation problems. This happens by integrators giving the time, talent, and technology that is crucial to convert a plan into a completed company project. Once a manufacturing plant is prepared to make its operations bigger, the production systems should also upgrade its processes. However, the main question that should be answered is where in the part of the expansion a system integrator can help? 

To help companies answer this question, the Control System Integrators Association (CSIA) a body formed for independent, professional service providers that utilize hardware, software, and communications products are ready to give the clients within a specific industry the best options for systems integration. This includes control and information systems. With this in mind, this body dictates that the system integrators create design and implements complicated systems for the end users of the process in different industries. Such as manufacturing, process plants, and other industrial facilities. 

The Siemens Digital Factory is popular with their engineering capabilities and information technologies that helps businesses automate their manufacturing processes. This covers all types of businesses from the plant floor to the corporation and enterprise level. The automation processes enable the company owners and manufacturers have cost-efficient ways and practical energy use. In return, this helps in the increase in production while decreasing the harmful effects on the environment. 

There are articles that discusses about different system integrators. There is one case study that involves water and wastewater treatment plants. In this study, there is PLC involved. The project involves the replacement of the PLCs or programmable logic controllers. There is also converting protocols, upgrading supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system both hardware and software. The second case involves PLC consolidation and the upgrade of SCADA software. With this in mind, both projects are really successful. 

The another case study shows how the users of the systems such as: insurance companies, system manufacturers, different government offices. These companies and offices can identify their need for a process safety system. This system should be designed, operated, and well maintained over its life cycle. In the article, they list the set of key codes and different standards that are very well applicable to the different process of other industries and they give different perspectives about the fulfillment of legacy systems.